Approximately 300,000 cases of mild traumatic brain injury or concussions happen annually in the United States.
A concussion or mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is the common result of a blow to the head or body which causes the brain to move rapidly within the skull. This injury causes brain function to change, which results in an altered mental state (either temporary or prolonged).
Physiologic and/or anatomic disruptions of connections between some nerve cells in the brain may occur. Concussions can have serious and long-term health effects, even from a mild bump on the head.
Symptoms may be temporary or long-lasting. Concussion symptoms include, but are not limited to:
- Brief loss of consciousness
- Blurred vision
- Ringing in the ears
- Loss of balance
- Poor concentration or mental slowness
- Lethargy or drowsiness
- Sensitivity to light
- Sensitivity to noise
- Change in sleeping patterns
To make sure he/she recovers as quickly and safely as possible, download this Concussion Management Booklet (pdf). It contains great information such as:
- Things that are OK to do
- Things to avoid
- A 10-point Care Checklist for parents