Risk Factors

Risk Factors for Head and Neck Cancer

The use of tobacco and alcohol greatly increases your chances of developing head and neck cancer. Risk factors include:

  • Alcohol consumption
  • Smoking or use of smokeless tobacco, such as chew or dip
  • Exposure to wood or nickel dust or asbestos
  • Plummer-Vinson syndrome (disorder from nutritional deficiencies)
  • Exposure to viruses, including the human papillomavirus (HPV) and Epstein-Barr
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